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Christology: Jesus is Son of God, Not an Angel

Colossians 2:18

Let no man beguile you of your reward in a voluntary humility and worshipping of angels, intruding into those things which he hath not seen, vainly puffed up by his fleshly mind

Within the vast expanse of Christian theology, there exists a multitude of perspectives and interpretations. One such perspective that has been subject to considerable debate is the notion of Jesus Christ as an angel. However, through a careful examination of biblical texts and theological discourse, it becomes evident that Jesus Christ is not an angel, but rather the Son of God.


The belief that Jesus and Michael are the same being primarily stems from certain Christian sects, such as the Jehovah's Witnesses, who interpret passages in the books of Daniel, Jude, and Revelation as evidence of this identity. However, a closer examination of these scriptures, in their full context, suggests a different interpretation.


In Daniel 10:13, Michael is described as "one of the chief princes." The phrase "one of" indicates that Michael is part of a group, not unique or singular in his status. This is in stark contrast to Jesus in the New Testament, where He is depicted as the only begotten Son of God (John 3:16).


The book of Jude (verse 9) presents another passage often cited to support the Jesus-Michael connection. Here, Michael is referred to as the archangel who disputed with the devil over the body of Moses. However, this text only confirms Michael's role as an archangel, not his identity as Jesus. In fact, the New Testament never refers to Jesus as an archangel, further differentiating between the two figures.


Revelation 12:7-9 describes a war in heaven led by Michael against the dragon. While some interpret this as evidence of Jesus' identity as Michael, it's important to note that the text does not explicitly equate Michael with Jesus. Moreover, the broader New Testament context consistently identifies Jesus as greater than any angelic being (Hebrews 1:4-14).


A pivotal point in this discussion is the understanding of Jesus' nature. The Council of Chalcedon (451 AD) affirmed Jesus as both fully human and fully divine, a dual nature that distinguishes Him from all created beings, including angels. As the Son of God, Jesus shares in the divine nature (Philippians 2:6), a characteristic that is not attributed to angels, including Michael.


Furthermore, the role of Jesus as the mediator of the New Covenant (Hebrews 8:6) is a unique function that separates Him from all angelic beings. Through His sacrificial death and resurrection, Jesus accomplished what no angel could: the redemption and reconciliation of humanity to God.

The Epistle to the Hebrews is a key text that provides a clear distinction between Jesus Christ and the angels. In Hebrews 1:5, the author asks, "For to which of the angels did God ever say, 'You are my Son, today I have begotten you'?" This rhetorical question underscores the unique relationship between God and Jesus, a relationship distinctively different from God's relationship with angels.


Furthermore, in Hebrews 1:13, the author again distinguishes between Jesus and the angels by asking, "But to which of the angels has he ever said, 'Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet'?" Here, the author is quoting Psalm 110:1, a Messianic Psalm that prophesies the exalted position of Jesus Christ at the right hand of God, a position no angel holds.


Moreover, the Bible consistently portrays angels as messengers or servants of God. In contrast, Jesus is depicted as the divine Word of God, the Logos, who became flesh (John 1:14). This incarnational aspect of Jesus is a unique characteristic that separates Him from the angels. Jesus, as God incarnate, embodies the fullness of God's nature and purpose in a way that an angel, as a created being, cannot.


In addition, Jesus' role as the mediator of the New Covenant further differentiates Him from the angels. The book of Hebrews describes Jesus as the "mediator of a better covenant" (Hebrews 8:6). This covenant is based on Jesus' sacrificial death and resurrection, which brought about the forgiveness of sins and the promise of eternal life. This is a role that no angel could fulfil.


From a Christological perspective, the Council of Chalcedon in 451 AD affirmed the dual nature of Christ as both fully human and fully divine. This Chalcedonian Definition provides a clear theological boundary that distinguishes Jesus from the angels. Angels, as created beings, do not possess the divine nature that Jesus, as the Son of God, inherently has.


Furthermore, the Nicene Creed, one of the most widely accepted Christian statements of faith, explicitly affirms the unique status of Jesus as the Son of God. The Creed states, "We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the only Son of God, eternally begotten of the Father, God from God, Light from Light, true God from true God, begotten, not made, of one Being with the Father." This statement clearly excludes the possibility of Jesus being an angel.


In conclusion, the biblical and theological evidence overwhelmingly supports Jesus Christ as the Son of God, not an angel. While angels play significant roles within the biblical narrative and in God's interaction with humanity, they are not comparable to the unique status and function of Jesus Christ. As believers, it is crucial to uphold this Christological truth, as it forms the very foundation of our faith and shapes our understanding of God's redemptive work in the world.


The assertion that Jesus Christ and Michael the Archangel are the same entity is not supported by a comprehensive and contextual examination of biblical texts and theological discourse. While Michael holds a significant role within the angelic hierarchy, he is not comparable to the unique status and function of Jesus Christ. As believers, it is essential to maintain clarity in our Christological understanding, as it forms the bedrock of our faith and shapes our comprehension of God's redemptive work in the world.